The House of Faberge
Ironically, Peter Carl Faberge did not actually create any of the famous eggs
that bear his name. The House of Faberge was staffed with
some of the finest goldsmiths and jewellers available.
Faberge was divided into several small workshops,
each with its own specialty. In addition to the fabulous Easter eggs, the
House of Faberge also produced table silver, jewelry, European-style trinkets, and
Explanation of Markings
Markings on the eggs and other
items that Faberge made included the stamp of the supervising
goldsmith. The two master jewellers most responsible for the
Faberge eggs were Michael Evlampievich Perchin and Henrik Wigström.
in 1860, Michael Perchin became the leading workmaster in the House of Faberge in
1886 and supervised production of the eggs until 1903. Those eggs
he was responsible for have the MP
the "P" is the Russian "P", which looks like two
vertical lines joined together at the top, like the letter pi.
All signed Faberge
eggs made after 1903 bear the HW
mark of Henrik Wigstrom. Not all eggs were signed or stamped, other goldsmiths may have
supervised the production of some of the eggs.
image left and below (on other Faberge pieces, not on a egg) bears the mark of workmaster Anders Nevalainen AN.
marks are also present. These show the purity
of the precious metal. Metal purity was measured in zolotniks.
About 4 zolotniks equals one karat, so 14 karat gold= 56 zolotniks
and 18 karat gold= 72 zolotinks. Sterling silver (.925 fine)
would be 91 zolotniks. There would also be a stamp of the city
or region of origin.
For St. Petersburg, the symbol was crossed
anchors and for Moscow, St. George and the Dragon. In 1896, Czar
Nicholas II 's reign saw a shift from localized marks to a national
provenance mark, a woman wearing a kokoshnik.