Danish China - The highly decorative wares produced by the Royal Copenhagen Factory around the turn of the century have a distinctive look much appreciated by modern-day collectors.

 

Click Here

Chatelaine's Antiques and Appraisals Magazine > Decorative Arts > Feature: Danish China
 


Danish Table China - Royal Copenhagen Factory

The Danish Crown Jewels - Famous Jewels & Gems Series

Ceramics Terminology

Ceramics from around the World

Ceramics Reading List

See our selected porcelain items in our shop

1950s Tableware
Art Deco Coffee Sets
Art Deco European Figurines
Art Pottery
Wedgwood Black Basalte or Basalt
Biedermeier porcelain and ceramics
Victorian Breakfast China
Breakfast China
Repairing Broken China
Fixing Broken China
Chamber Pots
Character Jugs
Cheese Dishes
Identifying China
Chinese Porcelain
Cow Creamers
Cream Jugs
Wedgewood Cream Ware (creamware)
Danish China - Royal Copenhagen Factory
Danish Table China - Royal Copenhagen Factory
Derby Figures
Dinner Service
Doulton Figures
English Majolica ceramics
English porcelain and ceramics
Conta and Boehme Fairings
French Sevres Porcelain
French Porcelain
Goss Ware ceramics
Jugendstil Pottery
Mantelpiece Garnitures
Martin Brothers Pottery
Mason's Ironstone
Victorian Meat Plates
Mending Broken China
Noritake China
Oriental Porcelain
Wedgwood Pearlware
Pot Pourri vases and jars
Identifying Pottery
Pottery Marks
Collecting Salt and Pepper Shakers
Satsuma Pottery
Sevres Porcelain
Staffordshire Figures
Wade Whimsies
Collecting Wall Plates
Wedgewood Jasper Ware
West Country Art Pottery
Willow Pattern China
Worchester Porcelain

 
Danish China

 The highly decorative wares produced by the Royal Copenhagen Factory around the turn of the century have a distinctive look much appreciated by modern-day collectors.

 Though the Royal Copenhagen Factory is best known for its blue and white porcelain tableware, produced since the 18th century, it also produced ornamental pieces. Many of these, and particularly the ones made at the height of the art nouveau period, from around 1890 to the outbreak of World War 1 in 1914, are very collectable today.

The Royal Copenhagen plate pictured 1910 plate for 1906-08 Greenland Expedition, of which only 5 were made, is valued at US $28,500.00

 Though formal decorative figurines were produced from the 18th century on, the factory's reputation for producing decorative wares only really became established after a bankruptcy in 1884 caused its amalgamation with the Alumina Faience company. This publicly owned earthenware factory was run by Philip Schou, an engineer, who built a new factory at Frederiksborg and appointed Arnold Krog as its artistic director.

 Between them, the two men revitalized the factory, developing new glazes and shapes and a method for washing porcelain with all-over colour rather than painting small areas. Krog himself specialized in underglaze paintings in smoky blues and greys, and encouraged others to let Japanese influences into their work, particularly understated naturalistic designs. The results were very much in harmony with the art nouveau style.

ANIMAL FIGURES

 At the same time, the factory was producing a number of figures, particularly animals, which were made in porcelain, stoneware and earthenware. Porcelain pieces, such as a barking fox or white mouse perched on a piece of cheese, are graceful and naturalistic studies. Some were enamel-painted, while others had more experimental decoration.

 Stoneware figures, including hippos and ducks, were heavily potted and decorated with a brown 'Sung' glaze, inspired by Japanese examples. Most of the stoneware figures date from the 1920s and after. Moulded animals and people were also incorporated into the designs of bowls, dishes and vides poches, shallow dishes into which gentlemen emptied their trouser pockets before retiring.

 The most common decorative pieces produced by the factory were vases, found in both earthenware and stoneware, though porcelain is more common. They were made in simple, elegant shapes and decorated with underglaze painting in muted pastel colours, mostly soft blues, pinks and greys. Flower studies were the most common subject matter.

 A combination of elegant shapes, cool colours and pastel glazes gives the Royal Copenhagen vases made in the art nouveau period a distinctive appeal.

Danish China Collector's Notes

 Royal Copenhagen vases, bowls and figures have been produced in great numbers over the years, and you may want to specialize in a particular type of decoration or glaze that take your fancy, or in a particular type of ware; animal and bird studies, human figures and art nouveau motifs all have their fans.

 Although reproductions and fakes by other factories are rare, many of the most popular Royal Copenhagen wares have been in continuous production since they were introduced. A guide to picking out the earlier examples is that they lack the 'fraction codes' which were painted on the bottom of each piece from 1894 on. The top number is that of the decorative style used and the bottom one is the catalogue number of the item.

 The factory's principal artists always signed their wares, and the right signature can add appreciably to a piece's value. Look out for the work of Arnold Krog, Gerard Henning, Berta Nathanielson, Jenny Meijer and Fanny Garde, among others.

 The Royal Copenhagen factory mark of three wavy blue lines will be found on all genuine pieces. If it occurs on figures painted over the glaze in enamel colours, they may well have been made before the 1880s, when various new techniques for painting under the glaze were introduced. Until that date, underglaze painting had been restricted to blue and white tablewares, as cobalt blue was the only colour that would remain true at the high temperatures used in glazing porcelain.

 Because the decoration and the special glazes are so much a part of the appeal of Royal Copenhagen ornamental wares, you should be very wary about buying any piece which is cracked or discoloured.

 Read articles and references: Good standards are Warman's English & Continental Pottery & Porcelain (Susan and Al Bagdade), and Marks & Monograms on European and Oriental Pottery and Porcelain (William Chaffers).

 





French - Porcelain Designs

Porcelain Designs
French
Buy This Art Print At AllPosters.com

Royal Copenhagen Porcelain: Animals and Figurines by Robert Heritage; Hardcover

A Comprehensive Collectors Guide to Royal Copenhagen Porcelain by Caroline Pope, Nick Pope; Hardcover

Scandinavian Ceramics & Glass: 1940S to 1980s (Schiffer Book for Collectors) by George Fischler, Barrett Gould

Rosenthal: Dining Services, Figurines, Ornaments and Art Objects (Schiffer Book for Collectors) by Dieter Struss

Warman's English & Continental Pottery & Porcelain (3rd Ed)
by Al Bagdade

 

Marks & Monograms on European and Oriental Pottery and Porcelain
by Wm. Chaffers

 

The Arcanum: The Extraordinary True Story
by Janet Gleeson